Kitten Not Using Litter Box
We have recently adopted an 8-week-old. We can not get her litter box trained. I have used different boxes and litter and she will not use them. We close her in the bathroom with her box, toys, food and bed for hours. She will not go at all or if she does she goes next to the box. I put her in the box and simulated scratching but she just jumps out. We have had her for 5 days and she has not used it once. What do you suggest? Frustrated in Seattle
Dear Frustrated in Seattle,
Kittens that were reared without their mom or another adult usually take longer to be litter trained. You are doing the right things in keeping her confined and in your training efforts. Find a litter and a box type and stick with it. Here are some tips:
Litter Training Feral Cat
I rescued a 9-month-old feral kitten and have attempted to train her to use a litter box. She is living on an enclosed porch, where we have laid down plastic sheeting to protect the floor. The plastic is covered with newspaper and I have 4 litter boxes with different types of litter, on top of the paper. We have tried traditional clay litter, unscented clay, white sand, the finely ground-up newspaper litter, the wood pellets variety, and sawdust. Gray chooses to urinate and defecate next to the boxes instead of in them.
Next, I tried just putting the sand or litter directly on the paper, and still she will not go in it, only near it. I have tried putting her in the boxes after she eats, and mimicking the scratching with her front paws and I have tried to rub her belly while in the box to stimulate her interest in peeing! Nothing has worked. She is so sweet and we let her in the house when we can keep an eye on her. She cries mournfully when we put her back outside. it is starting to get cold at night and I want to bring her inside...but she has to behave. Any ideas? Terry in NC
We have an older cat, Blackie, who uses her own litter box. Gray watches her, but has no interest in copying her behavior. They get along ok, but fight occasionally.
Dear Terry in NC,
How very frustrating. You have done all the right things. Try using one litter box only, with filled with a clump of leaves and/or soil. Your goal in litter training a feral cat is to make the place where it does its business mirror that which it used in its upbringing. In the case of a feral, soil and leaves are good places to start. Be sure to clean the solids out of the litter box daily and change the box as often as is reasonably possible. Once you experience success start making a transition towards more traditional litters.
Consider bringing Gray inside and keeping her in a confined area (a room or pen) such that she is protected from the cold but does threaten your home. Keep her in there and use the methods described above. Also, check out Helping New Cats for tips on keeping the peace with new cats. Keep me posted. Simba
Note: The following materials are good for litter training older feral cats
We lost our 17-year-old cat in August. We just rescued two 8-week-old kittens. They lived outside before coming to us, they will now be house cats. What is the best way to litter train them given that they have not previously used a litter box? We have them in a big box and take them out and put them in the litter. So far, they seem to know what it is for. Thanks, Sandy
Cats have a natural instinct to cover their bathroom deeds and it looks like you are doing ok in directing that instinct to the litter box. The important thing is to not allow the little guys to relieve themselves anywhere else in the house. Migrate from the box to a small room and see how they do, take small steps this way until you are comfortable that they will use the litter box at all times. Keep me posted. Simba
Kitten using Plants or Bathtub for Litter Box
Ah, the eternal struggle between cats and plants! Ok, let’s fix this. First, make sure that your plants are not poisonous (see Plants/Poisons). Cats love chewing on the plants and playing with the leaves!. Second, discourage chewing by spraying cayenne pepper on the leaves. This is a safe and effective repellent. Third, take care of the digging and litter issues by covering the plant dirt with aluminum foil and/or gravel. Also, consider replacing the top few layers of the plant soil, since you kitty has probably put in his scent marks. Best of luck. Simba
HELP! Our new kitten will not stop peeing in the bathtub. He goes poop and sometimes pees in his litter box, but he usually uses the bathtub to pee. We have tried placing foil and he went on that.
We then tried filling it with water, but then he just goes outside of his litter box - right in front of it! We have tried different litters, a bigger box, with lid and without lid, we clean it twice a day and change the litter once a week…
We do not know what else to do. We read your other advice, but nothing seemed to address this specificly. He never goes anywhere else in the house, just in the tub or in front of the litter box. Any advice? Steve
You have got to give it to him for persistence. As you know from reading the letters, your kitten has built a close association with peeing and the tub. The best way to handle this is to restrict his access to the area. This will require you to move the litter box to a new location and to keep the door to the tub area closed. Be sure that you let the kitten know where the new location is (so that he does not get lost and have an accident!). You also want to thoroughly clean the tub with bleach and some odor killing cleaners so that the little one is not reminded of the good times he had there. Simba
My 7-month-old kitten has started urinating about our condo. I have his litter box outside in the balcony for 2 months. Is this normal? What is the best way to get rid of the smell?. Suresh (former cat lover?)
Former cat lover? Look at those baby eyes and adorable look and tell me that he is not the sweetest thing ever.
Cats are creatures of habit. While your kitten’s urinating may at first have been an act of confusion, he now associates the condo with his latrine duty. As I told ‘Frustrated Feline Lover’ below, the smell reinforces the behavior so cleaning the area is very important. Your local pet store probably has a very good assortment of pet-safe carpet cleaning supplies, you can also try Nature's Miracle Just for Cats Urine Destroyer. Following the cleaning steps for Frustrated Feline Lover and you should be in good shape.
Bad weather may be a cause of the kitten’s hesitation to go to the balcony for litter duty. The little guy may be more amenable to using the box indoors. If you moved the litter box to the balcony because of the smell, try a stronger smell absorbent litter or one for multiple cats, Arm & Hammer Double Duty Clumping Litter seems to do a good job. Consider using a self-cleaning litter box or a stronger air filter. These problems can be corrected with a little love & patience. Simba
Thanks for the informative reply. You are right, I cannot resist his adorable eyes. - Suresh
My pleasure. Simba
Inconsistent Use of Litter Box by Kittens
We adopted a new kitten because our other cat was lonely. The two did not get along at first but they now seem to enjoy each other.
Ever since we adopted this new kitten the two enjoy relieving themselves in places other than their litter boxes. We have tried keeping them in the room with the litter box when we are not home…but they run over to their favorite place and relieve themselves as soon as we get home and let them out. We have tried feeding them in their spot and have changed their litter to a soft clumping kind.
Also, they both have ringworm (they are in treatment) and chronic diarrhea. Every day they each have a total of one can of soft cat food in addition to their dry food. We also give them milk. How do we stop this? -Frustrated Feline Lover
Dear Frustrated Feline Lover,
Sounds like you have two little rascals! Good to know that they are in treatment. First know the cause. It is likely that your cats use the spot because of their markings and the smell associated with their deeds. What to do?
Note to readers: Be sure to read through Helping New Cats before you bring in a new kitten. The tips there address problems when introducing a second cat to your home or when you move your cat somewhere new.
I got a kitten a few weeks ago- she was 6-weeks-old at adoption, and very well-mannered. Recently though, she has been sneezing up a storm and has had diarrhea. Also, she likes peeing in my backpack and pooping in my bathtub. She is causing a lot of problems. I took her to the vet, they did fecal and urine tests, and charged me $100 to give her a clean bill of health….she is not healthy. Her eyes are continually filled with goop that ranges from just milky white to brownish red. What could be wrong? The diarrhea is bad, and it is been about 2 weeks she is had it. Melissa & Kitty Chloe
Dear Melissa & Kitty Chloe,
You two are not alone in your situation. Many folks go through the same thing, especially in the first few weeks after adoption. What is different is the clean bill of health.
Sneezing and other upper respiratory discharge can be caused by what is commonly referred to as the cat flu. The cat flu can result from either a viral or bacterial infection and should be treated to prevent long term damage. Best thing to do is to get a second opinion.
The following will help you in treating Chloe's diarrhea and training:
Keep me posted. Simba
Is It Possible to Toilet Train Your Cat?
I was just adopted by a 14-week-old male kitten.
Hi Connie & Rascal,
Yes it can happen. There a couple of helpful resources out there. One highly rated book is The Toilet Trained Cat. Best of luck and keep me posted. Your Pal, Simba